As we all know, coronavirus is now taking control of all over the world, Started from Wuhan, China now its spread all over the world making it the world’s wakeup call. Every day more and more cases are coming up and eating the world alive. Everyone is scared and avoiding public places and almost every public place in the whole wide world is shut down.
Up till March 19, 2020, at least 8,648 people worldwide have died of COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus and more than 207,000 people have tested positive for COVID-19.
What are Coronaviruses?
The name coronavirus originates from the Latin word corona, meaning ‘crown’ or ‘halo’, it is due to its characteristics appearance when out under a microscope, it looks like it is surrounded by a solar corona.
Coronaviruses is one of the large families of viruses known as zoonotic viruses that can cause illness ranging from the common cold to severe respiratory diseases. The word Zoonotic means that these viruses can be transmitted from animals to humans.
There are many different types of coronaviruses, infect the common cold that we usually get could be caused due to the coronavirus. The one which is an outbreak now is a novel coronavirus, it’s not the one with common flu and cold.COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus which spread human to human very easily and it has been confirmed that it is a widespread disease.
Apart from COVID-19, there are many more types of coronaviruses that are still circulating in animals and have not yet infected humans.
History of Coronavirus:
Human coronaviruses were first discovered way back in the late 1960s. The first type of coronavirus which was discovered were an infectious bronchitis virus found in chickens and two in human patients with the common cold and many other members of this family keep identifying time to time and the most recent one found is SARS-COV-2 now known as COVID-19.
Before the COVID-19 there were two other recent coronavirus outbreaks which were, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV) found in 2002 in China which was transmitted from civet cats to humans. And the other is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) found in Saudi Arabia in the year 2012 which was known to be transmitted from dromedary camels to humans.
In December 2019 the coronavirus emerged again which was showing very similar symptoms as of the previous SARS-CoV which was found in 2002 in China and hence the virus was called SARS-CoV. SARS-CoV-2 is a new strain that had not been previously identified in humans previously known as SARS-CoV.
The name SARS-Cov-2 was then changed by World Health Organization (WHO) to COVID-19 mean CO as the corona, Vi as Virus, D as in Disease and 19 because it was originated in December 2019. WHO named it COVID-19 because they do not want the virus to relate to some specific country or a specific animal.
How did coronavirus spread?
It all started in Wuhan city, Hubei Province, China where the virus was first identified. According to some unpublished Chinese government data, the first case of someone suffering from Covid-19 was to be traced back to 17 November 2019. Some believe that the first infections were linked to a live animal market, but the virus is now spreading from person-to-person and spread all over the world. Many people get affected because at first, they didn’t know that they got affected with it and interact with many other people and the virus formed the chain and now the virus is in every city of every country in the world and On 11 March 2020 the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that the outbreak should be considered a pandemic.
The COVID-19 infection can spread from one person to others via droplets produced from the respiratory system of infected people, often during coughing or sneezing that’s why infected people are asked to wear a mask to avoid its spread.
After getting affected with the virus at first the person does not show any symptoms regarding it till 14 days but after 14 days the virus begin to show some symptoms starting with the normal common flu symptoms like,
3- Dry cough
4- Shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing.
Other symptoms can include:
Although the sign of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is similar to the common cold it is a contagious and wide-spreading disease.
If the case gets severe, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and then it leads to death.
Coronavirus and Different Age:
On the scenario of COVID-19 Spreading a small study was conducted in Wuhan, China in which people who contracted COVID-19 was seen and the result concluded that the risk of death increases with age, the more the age of a person, the higher risk of them getting affected and the risk is also higher for those who have diabetes, disease, blood clotting problems, etc.
The new coronavirus has less impact on children because of less developed immune responses and also
according to the study, the Pregnant people also don’t seem to be at greater risk of experiencing severe COVID-19, and it doesn’t seem to pass on to fetuses, but still we are not aware of so many things regarding the disease because many things are arising day by day and research is still in process.
Is this a global emergency?
YESS!!! The contagious coronavirus has now become a global emergency as every day's new cases are arriving from around the world.
Coronavirus – Timeline:
On December 31st, 2019 – China alert WHO to several pneumonia cases
On January 7, 2020 -- France confirms Europe first case
On January 11, 2020-- China announces first death
On January 13th, 2020 -- WHO reported case in Thailand, first outside China
On January 30, 2020 -- WHO declares outbreak a global health emergency
On February 2, 2020 -- first death outside china recorded in the Philippines
On February 7, 2020 -- Chinese doctor and whistleblower Li Wenliang dies
On February 11, 2020 -- WHO names virus COVID-19
On February 14 - Egypt confirms Africa first case
On March 11, 2020 --WHO declared the crisis a pandemic.
How to stop it from spreading?
As the new Covid-19 is spreading rapidly and The one major way to stop the virus from more spreading is to avoid social gathering and meeting with people because the virus shows its symptoms after 12 to 14 days and during this time when a person meets with another person the clock again start from1 to 14 days and keep spreading more and more without knowledge of that person who Is carrying the infection.
So to stop it from spreading, the many counties are shut down and people are ordered to work from home and do not leave home except in case of emergencies.
What measures are taken to stop it from spreading?
As, Coronavirus being new to the world, many scientists around the globe are working to develop a vaccine but are unable to provide and make the vaccine available in the whole world till 2021 make it look more dangerous and people now are very afraid of the virus causing people to go in depression.
At first, when the COVID-19 started spreading in China, the first step they took was effectively sealed off Wuhan and placed restrictions on travel to and from several other cities, affecting some 60 million people. Other countries have seen and followed the situation with complete lockdowns, closing schools, restaurants, and every public place, and also issuing mandatory work-from-home decrees.
Students were taking online classes and jobs were being done from home.
After it is announced as a global emergency, any International airlines have canceled flights the world over. Some countries have banned non-citizens from entering their territories, and several more have evacuated their citizens from abroad and if some people are coming from abroad safety precautions are being taken and they are being tested and kept in isolation for 12 to 15 days to check if they are virus-free or not, it is due to protect it from spreading.
Although there is no vaccine available to prevent infection with the new coronavirus at this present, you can take steps to reduce your risk of infection. There are Coronavirus instant testing kit which you can use to test if you notice any symptoms related to coronavirus. Apart from that, the WHO and CDC recommend the following precautions for avoiding COVID-19 they are:
Avoid large events and mass gatherings and try not to go to places where there are more than 5 people to be on the safe side.
Avoid close contact which should be approx. 6 feet with anyone who is sick or has symptoms.
-Wash Your Hands:
After coming from the outside or doing anything washes your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Try to avoid having contact with your hand with the face before washing your hands.
Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol and remember to Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth if your hands aren't clean.
-If you feel like sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or a tissue when you sneeze or cough and remember to throw away the used tissue.
-If you are sick, try to avoid sharing dishes, glasses, bedding and other household items.
-Clean and disinfect surfaces you often touch daily.
-If your government hasn’t announced to shut down school or workplaces yet, Try if it’s not important do not go to school if it’s not absolutely COVID free.
-Avoid taking public transportation if you're sick or showing any symptoms of COVID-19.
Healthy people don't need to wear a mask every time to protect themselves. If there is anyone sick you know of try to provide a mask to them. Only wear a mask if a health care provider / your doctor tells you to do. But there is no harm in wearing a mask if you feel secure and good wearing one.
Things you need to avoid according to the World Health Organization;
Avoid eating any undercooked or raw meat.
Avoid contact with live animals and surfaces they may have been touched by them.
If you have a chronic medical condition, weak immune system and may have a higher risk of serious illness, check with your doctor about other ways to protect yourself.
COVID-19 and Travelling:
Travelling can be very dangerous in this time of global emergency but still If you're planning to travel internationally for something important, first check the CDC and WHO websites for updates and advice. You should also look for any health advisories that may be in a place where you plan to travel. Keep in touch with your doctor if you have health conditions that make you more susceptible to respiratory infections and complications.
What to do in case you show the symptoms:
Contact your doctor or clinic right away if you have COVID-19 symptoms, you've been exposed to someone with COVID-19, or you live in or have traveled from an area with ongoing community spread of COVID-19. Call your doctor ahead to tell him or her about your symptoms and recent travels and possible exposure before you go to your appointment or if you have a coronavirus testing kit available, you can take the test on your own first.
If it is not easy for you to instantly go to the doctor or in case of any emergency you can buy a corona testing kit and check for the result and then contact the doctor afterward.
COVID-19 affected people in home:
If you feel like having COVID symptoms, do not panic. If you have COVID 19 instant testing kit available check whether you are positive or negative. The good thing is that most people who get COVID-19 could recover at home. CDC has given directions for people who are recovering at home, their families and caregivers, including, these are the step you should follow instead of panicking;
-Stay home when you are sick, and keep in contact with your doctor and have medical care.
-If you develop more severe warning signs for COVID-19 get medical attention immediately. In adults, emergency warning signs could be;
- --Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- --Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- --New confusion or inability to arouse
- --Bluish lips or face
Any other symptoms could also appear depending on the person, so always be in contact with your doctor.
-There should be a separate room and bathroom for sick household members (if possible).
-The sick household member should always wear a mask when interacting with anyone, to help prevent spreading COVID-19 to others.
-Clean the room of the infected person and their bathroom, as needed, to avoid unnecessary contact with the sick person.
-Try to avoid sharing personal items like utensils, food, and drinks of the infected person.
For further safety precautions, you could buy a corona testing kit and keep it with you so if you feel like having any of the following symptoms you can use the COVID 19 instant testing kit and it will help you in panic times.
In the time of this global emergency where every day new updates are coming up every single minute, so it has affected many people mental health and the people who have been infected with the virus are then kept in isolation till they get cured or till their death to avoid it from spreading more. Those people who are kept in isolation may experience distress from the time period, travel restrictions, side effects of treatment or fear of the infection itself and this distress is killing them before their death and making it hard for them to get the motivation to get recover faster.
By the RenMin Hospital of Wuhan University and Mental Health Center of Wuhan, Psychological intervention teams have been set, which comprise four groups of health-care staff.
1 First Group:
Firstly, there is a psychosocial response team that includes the managers and press officers in the hospitals to coordinates the management team's work and publicity tasks.
2 Second Group:
Secondly, there is a psychological intervention technical support team composed of senior psychological intervention experts who are responsible for formulating psychological intervention materials and rules and providing technical guidance and supervision.
3 Third Group:
Thirdly, there are psychological intervention medical teams, who are mainly psychiatrists, participate in the clinical psychological intervention for health-care workers and patients.
4 Fourth Group:
In the fourth group, the psychological assistance hotline teams containing the volunteers who have received psychological assistance training in dealing with the 2019-nCoV epidemic provide telephone guidance to help deal with mental health problems. The volunteers working are getting great responses and making a great impact on society. After observing the situation The National Health Commission of China published a national guideline of psychological crisis intervention for 2019-nCoV.4 this publication marks the first time that guidance to provide multifaceted psychological protection of the mental health of medical workers has been initiated in China. The experiences from this public health emergency should inform the efficiency and quality of future crisis intervention of the Chinese Government and authorities around the world.